Ice cream is a delicious frozen food usually eaten as a snack or dessert. Many of us enjoy ice cream because of how it soothes our taste buds when taken and the longing for more after we take a few scoops. Ice cream is usually made from either dairy milk or cream and is sweetened/flavored with a sweetener (many people use sugar). To create a uniqueness, most ice creams have other items added as flavor which could include cocoa or vanilla. Colorings and stabilizers are also added to create the look and feel of ice cream. There are various types of ice cream and each one of them would be looked at below.
Types of Ice Cream Based on Recipe
- French Ice Cream – French ice cream is not only taken in France but is also enjoyed all around the world. It is made with the base of custard which contains ingredients such as whole eggs, cream, milk, or egg yolk.
- Ordinary Ice Cream (Hard Ice Cream) – It is the most popular type of ice cream around the world. It is usually made with sugar, cream, sweeteners, not less than 10% milk, 12-16% sweeteners, and stabilizer. During the summer, you would find people enjoying this tasty ice cream. It has lasted over the years due to an increase in toppings and flavors.
- Organic Ice Cream – This is the type of ice cream made for people who don’t eat foods that are not made from natural ingredients. Organic ice creams do not contain artificial sweeteners or other products.
- Light Ice Cream – Light ice cream contains a low amount of fats (The ice cream base uses 25% less milk fat compared to other ice cream types. It only has one different ingredient than the regular recipe.
- Lactose-free Ice Cream – This type of ice cream was made for lactose-intolerant individuals. They contain no detectable lactose, so everyone can enjoy the goodness of ice cream.
- Reduced Fat Ice Cream – Several people have been advised to stop taking ice cream when they’re trying to lose some weight or keep themselves in shape. For those who care about their shape and diet, reduced-fat ice creams are made from solely low-fat ingredients which are usually indicated on the ice cream label.
- Gluten-free Ice Cream – Many people are unable to digest gluten, just as some people are unable to digest lactose. This type of ice cream doesn’t contain gluten which suits this class of people.
- Soft Ice Cream – Just as the name says, this type of ice cream comes out smooth and soft when the processing is done. It follows the normal production process of regular ice cream until it reaches the freezing stage. The freezing process is carried out at higher temperatures in a separate machine that keeps the ice cream mixture soft, smooth, and creamy.
- No Sugar Added Ice Cream – Some ice creams do not contain sugar. To replace sugar, they usually contain natural sugar substitutes or artificial sweeteners.
Types of Ice Cream Based on Shape
Some individuals classify their ice creams based on the shape and size in which it is being sold after the production process is over.
These are also known as ice cream bars. The industrially made ice cream is usually solidified (frozen) in several shapes (most especially rectangular) with small wooden sticks protruding from the bottom. It is sold in many countries across the world.
Ice cream buckets are the types of industrially produced ice cream poured directly into a bucket after production. The sizes of these buckets usually vary depending on who wants to eat it. There are small sizes for individuals and large ones (family buckets) for several people.
Floats are liquid desserts that make use of carbonated bubbles to ensure that a scoop of ice cream floats to the surface of the glass. You can then have your ice cream scooped out and replaced almost immediately.
Cones are popular in almost all countries around the world. It was invented in 1904 and has become the most favorite way to package ice cream among both children and adults. The hollow cone in which ice cream is poured is also edible, making the whole item a delicious snack.
Sometimes, frozen cakes incorporate ice cream. While some of them may be fully ice cream, some others share both the properties of cake and ice cream. They are usually enjoyed by all, especially when frozen.
Sundae is one of the most popular desserts based on ice cream. It is usually made of a few scoops of ice cream and many other syrups and additional toppings all in a tall glass.
After going through the various types of ice cream by shape and recipe, you would like to know how to make ice cream so you can package it to entertain yourself, relatives, and friends when the time comes.
How to Make Ice Cream
The production of ice cream is not a difficult process. It takes about 2 hours of preparation and less than 10 minutes of cooking time. Here, we will be giving you the steps on how to make ice cream by yourself at home.
1. Get your ingredients
Without the right ingredients (based on the recipe you’re following), you’ll not get the result you’re looking for. Ensure you get a just a little above what you need so you don’t end up falling short or purchasing in excess in case you won’t be making ice cream in another few years. For a simple creamy vanilla-flavored ice cream, you can get 4 eggs, 1 teaspoon of cornflour, ½ pint or 300ml of double cream, 1 vanilla pod, 100g or 3½ oz golden caster sugar, and 300ml or ½ pint full-fat milk.
2. Check your freezer
Before you begin the ice cream preparation, you should check your freezer to see if you have enough spare room. You don’t want to start making space when the preparation is already done.
3. Separate the eggs
The first thing you have to do when making ice cream is to place the eggs in a large bowl. You have to notice every detail of your recipe. For some recipes, you do not need the egg white. They can be kept to make other things such as meringues.
4. Add ingredients
After the eggs have been placed in a bowl, add the right amount of sugar and whisk until the mixture is thick and pale. If your recipe requires corn flour, add it to the mixture and whisk it well so it can blend perfectly into the egg yolk.
5. Use your saucepan
You should have your clean saucepan on the table where you’re preparing your ice cream. In the saucepan (medium size preferable), pour the cream and milk. If you’re using vanilla flavor (with the recipe posted above), cut the vanilla pod open from top to bottom, and then scrape out the seeds with the back of a knife and into the cream and milk in your saucepan.
Heat the cream and milk mixture at a temperature below boiling. When the mixture is well heated, pour the hot cream and milk into the egg mixture you had in a bowl and continue whisking the mixture as you go. You would want to keep your mixture as smooth and blended as possible.
7. Sieve and stir
When you’re done whisking and you’re fine with the result, sieve the mixture into a clean pan and set this pan over low heat. By now, it looks like a custard. Begin to stir it constantly with a wooden spoon, paying attention to the corners of the pan to prevent some of the mixtures from sticking there. Keep stirring until the mixture has thickened and is steaming up. You would know it is ready when you can use your wooden spoon to draw a clear line in your mixture. This process could take up to 10 minutes.
When this is done, get a clean piece of clothing to avoid burning your fingers. Raise the pan over the flame and tip the custard mixture into a large container which is both freezer-proof and shallow. Then, allow the mixture to cool at room temperature. If you’re in a hurry, you can even make the process faster by placing this bowl filled with custard in a larger bowl of ice water.
Once your custard is cool, it is not meant to be frozen immediately. Place a lid on the bowl to prevent microbial contamination and put the bowl in the refrigerator to chill overnight. Ensure your fridge is plugged in.
By the next morning, your custard should be chilled if your refrigerator worked overnight. Transfer the custard to the freezer. Every hour, you have to take it out of the freezer to whisk it with a handheld whisk. This is to allow ice crystals to disperse evenly throughout your ice cream and keep it very smooth when it is done. This should be done for three hours after you put it in the freezer. After the third time, leave the ice cream in the freezer for 3 hours until it is solid enough.
When you’re ready to serve your ice cream, you should remove it from the freezer 10 minutes before serving to allow for a rise in temperature and make it easier to scoop from the larger bowl into smaller bowls.
How to Make Ice Cream with an Ice Cream Machine
While most people believe that homemade ice cream is the best, it is also possible to use an ice cream machine to make your ice cream at home. This is a good method because the product comes out smoother. The churning process is automated and breaks down the ice crystals better, giving you a better yield. When using an ice cream machine you can either prepare the base in a Philadelphia-styled base or a French-styled base. The difference between the two styles is that the Philadelphia-style ice cream is egg-free and easier to make than the French-style ice cream.
A. Preparing the Base (Philadelphia-styled base)
1. Freeze the ice cream bowl the previous night
The night before you make your ice cream, you should place the bowl that comes with the ice cream machine into the freezer. If you forget to do this, you can make your ice cream base first and then put the ice cream base in the fridge and the machine bowl in the freezer. Then, wait until the next day to churn the ice cream.
2. Set up an ice bath
Although you won’t be cooking your ice cream base, you should set up your sink by filling it with water and ice (more ice than water) this is to ensure that your ice cream base is as cold as possible.
3. Stir the ingredients
After setting up your ice bath, stir together your heavy cream and milk in a saucepan or large bowl first. Then, add sugar and whisk it for about 3 to 4 minutes. Ensure that the mixture is not grainy by tasting the mixture. If you’re using glass, look at the bottom of the glass bowl and make sure there are no sugar grains there. Add other flavoring extracts and oils and mix everything.
4. Chill the mixture
Place the mixture in the sink which you have filled with iced water. Leave the bowl in the ice bath for 30 to 45 minutes.
When your mixture is cold enough, take it out of the ice bath and transfer it to your fridge. Before putting it in the refrigerator, place a sheet of plastic wrap on the surface of your mixture. Leave it in the fridge for 3 to 24 hours.
The French-based style is the same procedure as the homemade ice cream procedure above, except that you would have to freeze your ice cream machine bowl the night before the previous night and set up an ice bath when you’re ready to prepare your ice cream.
B. Using the Ice Cream Maker
- When you’re done refrigerating your ice cream, assemble the ice cream maker. Take your already-frozen bowl from the freezer and place it in the ice cream maker. Insert the beater and plug the ice cream maker in.
- The bucket in the machine in which your ice cream bowl is placed should be filled with 3 inches of ice. Then, sprinkle salt evenly over the ice. Add extra 3 inches of ice and repeat the process until the bucket is half-full. Pour cold water over the ice until the bucket is full.
- Pour your already prepared ice cream base into the frozen bowl, using a rubber spatula to scrape the bottom and sides of the bowl so you don’t waste any.
- Using your machine, churn the ice cream until it becomes thick. This usually takes about 20 minutes. When it starts getting hard to churn, you know its ready.
- Add any other ingredients to spice your ice cream. This may include chopped strawberries, nuts, or chocolate chips. This is not a compulsory step.
- Transfer the ice cream into another container by removing the churner from the bowl and taking the bowl out of the ice cream maker. Scrape the ice cream into a freezer-safe container using a rubber spatula.
- Place a wax or parchment paper over the surface of the ice cream. Make sure it touches the surface.
- Put the ice cream in the freezer and let it stay for about 4 hours until it becomes solid.
- Enjoy your ice cream or keep it refrigerated
So that’s how you make ice creams. Have some ice creams prepared for your kids from your home itself. Avoid ice creams that contain artificial ingredients which may result in health complications. Eat well, stay healthy.